The History of the 40 Hour Work Week.
It was so common in the year 1890 to find employees working for even a hundred hours a week. The employees at this time only had the time to work and no time for them to pay attention to themselves or their families. In Wales is where everything to do with the eight hour a day for five days system started. Back in 1817, Robert Owen brought up the idea that a day should be divided thrice and end up been in favor of both the employee and the employer as they are both benefiting. Each part consisted of eight hours. He argued that one part is for work, the other for any kind of recreation and the last one for rest. At the beginning the Europeans were not in support of this idea but as the years went on it became known to many and got very popular in the United States.
In 1866, the National Labor Union might not have succeeded in making the eight hour workday in to a law but they did bring awareness about such a thing to the people. The law of the eight hour workday was passed but had a few loopholes that allowed employees to have contracts with the employees where there would be an addition of hours. This day was called May Day. In 1869, government workers were able to use the eight hour workday system and also got stable salaries. In the 1870s and 1880s, other unions were effortlessly fighting to have the eight hour work day and on every May 1st they would strike. In 1886, there was a national strike that took place and had a big turn out that showed employees were really in need of this amount of working hours. With the help of government workers and printing industries , the eight hours workday was printed in the paper where it was talked about . In 1914, the Ford Motor Company acted like they are putting the eight hour into action while in real sense it was not all true as there were so many hidden agendas. The railway employees were able to work for the eight hours a day.
Companies that did not implement the eight hour system had their workers employees striking demanding that. In 1926, the Ford Motor Company finally accepted to use the 40 hour work week. In 1937, General Motors in Flint failed to appreciate their employees and they never gave them breaks or sick pays and this led to a strike. There was only a reduction of hours even after the strike and they were not eight hours. In 1938, President Franklin Delano signed the Fair Labor Standards Acts which required employees to work 44 hours a week. In 1940 on October 24th the eight hours workday system became effective.